Understanding Nature’s Cleansers Housed in Plants


Imagine breathing clean, fresh air every day, not just in the open countryside but even within bustling cities and industry-heavy zones. Although this seems like an unrealizable dream, your affectionate friend – the plant world – strongly contributes toward making it a reality. Plants act as natural cleansers, healing the planet, one breath at a time. According to a report by NASA, installng one plant per 100 square feet can effectively improve indoor air. This is just a glimpse of their remarkable cleansing abilities.

The Power of Phytoremediation

You cannot begin to appreciate the air-purifying capacity of plants, as well as the value of natural detoxifying foods, without understanding phytoremediation. This process involves plants detoxifying air, soil or water by absorbing harmful pollutants through their leaves and roots and breaking them down into less harmful substances. It is relatively inexpensive and non-invasive, presenting a sustainable solution for pollution control.

Capturing Air Pollutants on a Molecular Level

A variety of plants have shown innate proficiency in trapping pollutants at a molecular level. This process involves converting potentially dangerous molecules into harmless compounds, which significantly reduces pollution levels. For instance, English Ivy tends to absorb formaldehyde, a common pollutant found in exhaust fumes and cigarettes, reducing its harmful effects.

Cleaning Soil through Phytoextraction

Particular plants are known for their exceptional ability to extract hazardous substances from soil through a process known as phytoextraction. They take up heavy metals like lead and arsenic via roots and store them in their shoots and leaves. Over time, these toxic metals are converted to less damaging forms or safely harvested and disposed off from the plants.

Phyto-degradation: A Natural Decomposing Mechanic

The process of breaking down complex pollutants into simpler non-toxic substances is known as phytodegradation. Plants like poplar trees and certain grasses have enzymes that aid in this degradation method, making them effective at sites contaminated with organic pollutants.

Phytostabilization: Minimalizing Mobility of Contaminants

Phytostabilization is another impressive cleanser mechanism. In this, plants limit the mobility of contaminants in the soil by absorbing and accumulating them in their roots and rhizosphere. This helps in reducing the spread of pollutants, primarily heavy metals, thus minimizing further contamination and risk to life.

Nature’s Water Purifiers

You might be surprised to know, plants not only clean air and soil but also water. Some aquatic species absorb toxins from water, helping in purifying rivers and other water bodies. Indeed, plants like water hyacinth can eliminate harmful substances such as lead, mercury, and strontium-90 from water bodies.

The Blessing of Bioaccumulation

Bioaccumulation refers to the ability of plants to gather and concentrate certain foreign substances within their tissues. Although this ability can sometimes pose a threat to animals that consume these plants, it is indeed beneficial in absorbing pollutants from the ground and offering clean spaces to live in.

Benefitting Human Health

By simply being present, plants reduce harmful pollutants in surroundings hence contributing majorly towards human health. They help to prevent illnesses such as asthma and allergies caused due to airborne toxins. Moreover, several studies confirm a decrease in stress levels resulting from exposure to greenery.

Creating Cleaner Homes and Workspaces

The power of nature is not only outdoor but also beneficial within closed spaces. Bringing plants like Spider Plant or Snake Plant into homes and offices can have astonishing impacts. Effective removal of harmful pollutants like benzene, trichloroethylene, and xylene by these plants provides cleaner air to breathe in these enclosed spaces.

Supporting Urban Sustainability

In the midst of concrete jungles, greenery in the form of parks, rooftop gardens, and green walls offers immense respite. Integrating plant life into urban planning curbs pollutants released by traffic and industry, contributing to a more sustainable urban environment.

Need for Improvement in Phytoremediation Utilization

Despite their incredible abilities, plants are still not appropriately utilized for remediation purposes. More research and government backing is needed to implement phytoremediation on a large scale to address our ever-growing pollution concerns.

Joining Hands with Mother Nature

Your small steps towards nurturing plant-life can have a big impact. Planting a tree in your backyard or even maintaining a small indoor garden can contribute to cleaner air while uplifting the aesthetics of your space.

A Green Resolution

Tapping into the air cleansing abilities of plants can certainly pave our way towards a cleaner planet. Understand that your role is not just to reduce pollution but also use every available tool to clean it up, including making optimal use of the healing powers that some plants naturally offer.